Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation plays a crucial role in the treatment of arthritis, aiming to alleviate pain, improve function, and enhance quality of life for individuals affected by this condition. Here are some common approaches for arthritis treatment:

  1. Physical Therapy: Physical therapists design personalized exercise programs to strengthen muscles, improve flexibility, and enhance joint function. They may also incorporate modalities such as heat, cold, ultrasound, or electrical stimulation to manage pain and inflammation.
  2. Occupational Therapy: Occupational therapists focus on adapting daily activities to reduce joint strain and improve independence. They may recommend assistive devices, ergonomic modifications, or adaptive equipment to make tasks easier to perform.
  3. Joint Protection Techniques: Education on proper body mechanics and joint protection strategies helps individuals with arthritis minimize stress on their joints during daily activities, reducing pain and preventing further damage.
  4. Assistive Devices: Braces, splints, orthotics, or other assistive devices may be prescribed to support weakened joints, improve alignment, and enhance mobility.
  5. Pain Management: PM&R physicians may employ various pain management techniques such as medication, injections (e.g., corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid), or nerve blocks to alleviate pain and improve function.